Plastic pollution contributes to the degradation of ecosystems, to a reduction in human health, and to the growing problem of climate change. Industry and individuals alike have begun to take notice of the issue.
In March 2018, a Nature paper published by Lebreton et al. revealed that the floating plastics island (more than 99.9% plastics) between Hawaii and California has grown to more than 1.6 million square kilometers (about twice of Texas). More and more microplastics are found in ocean ecosystems, even in the deep ocean.